Mountains Beneath the Horizon Bell William.
It may also be the most typical of his work, the strongest statement of his recurrent themes, and an excellent example of his craftsmanship. It is difficult for readers from later times to comprehend the grave importance that seventeenth century New Englanders placed on transgression of the moral code.
Like Tillich, Hawthorne saw sin not as an act but as a state—what existentialists refer to as alienation and what Tillich describes as a threefold separation from God, other humans, and self.
Such alienation needs no fire and brimstone as consequence; it is in itself a hell. There is a certain irony in the way in which this concept is worked out in The Scarlet Letter. Dimmesdale as a beloved pastor, Chillingworth as a respected physician.
His is the unpardonable sin—unpardonable not because God will not pardon, but because his own nature has become so depraved that he cannot repent or accept forgiveness. Hawthorne clearly distinguishes between sins of passion and those of principle.
Even Dimmesdale, traditional Puritan though he is, finally becomes aware of the difference. We are not, Hester, the worst sinners in the world. There is one worse than even the polluted priest! He has violated, in cold blood, the sanctity of a human heart. Thou and I, Hester, never did so.
Hester, whose guilt is openly known, grows through her suffering into an extraordinarily compassionate and understanding woman, a complete person who is able to come to terms with all of life, including sin.
Dimmesdale, who yearns for the relief of confession but hides his guilt to safeguard his role as pastor, is devoured internally. Again like Freud, Hawthorne recognized that spiritual turmoil may produce physical distress.
Dimmesdale bears similarities to Young Goodman Brown who, having once glimpsed the darker nature of humankind, must forevermore view humanity as corrupt and hypocritical.
Chillingworth shows resemblances to Ethan Brand, the limeburner who finds the unpardonable sin in his own heart: The structure is carefully unified, with three crucial scenes—at the beginning, the middle, and the end of the action—taking place on the scaffold.
Hawthorne often anticipates later developments with hints or forewarnings: The four main characters themselves serve as central symbols in this, the greatest allegory of a master allegorist.May 31, · How to Write a Book Review.
In this Article: Article Summary Review Template Preparing to Write Your Review Creating a First Draft of the Review Polishing the Review Community Q&A Writing a book review is not just about summarizing; it's also an opportunity for you to present a critical discussion of the book.
Charles Robert Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, on 12 February , at his family's home, The Mount. He was the fifth of six children of wealthy society doctor and financier Robert Darwin and Susannah Darwin (née Wedgwood).
He was the grandson of two prominent abolitionists: Erasmus Darwin on his father's side, and Josiah Wedgwood on his mother's side.
Essays and criticism on Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter - Critical Evaluation. Authoritative.
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Essays and criticism on Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter - Critical Essays.