Platos and socrates view of womens roles

Travis Larkin Is Socrates a feminist? In book five, Socrates radically states that women should receive the same training geometry, gymnastics, and music as men in society. For this reason it is the common misconception that Socrates is a feminist.

Platos and socrates view of womens roles

In an era where women were little better than domestic slaves, there were few supporters of any kind of equality for them.

Platos views on women essaysPlato and Socrates' View of Women's Roles In studying Greek philosophy, one particular remains consistent. When referring to an ideal person, be it a citizen, a political leader, a philosopher, or a soldier, a man is used for the model. And the aspiration of. Plato: Women in the Ideal State - Part I The Context. For Socrates and Plato, the search for truth is not an idle intellectual game; it is the proper pursuit of a being endowed with intellect and a soul. On his view, neither tradition nor social agreement is sufficient to justify our social rules and conventions. This is why Plato seeks. Socrates refutes this opinion sharply when he states the division of labor must be made by aptitude and ability, not by sex; if a woman shows her skills. The dichotomy of similarities and differences is evident in the depiction of women’s roles in The Republic, by Plato.

One of these rare supporters, surprisingly, was none other than the great philosopher Plato. His great discourse of a perfect government, the Republic, contains arguments for the political equality of women rarely exhibited until modern times.

They were expected to be subservient to the will of their husbands and fulfill the role of household manager. A woman in ancient Greece was typically always under the control or protection of a man. In childhood, she was the ward of her father or whichever of her male relatives headed the householdlater she was the servant of her husband.

As a widow she would be under the protection of her son. Marriages often involved elaborate dowries and bride gifts, rendering the value of a bride into something measured with cattle, land, or money.

Compare this harsh existence with the ideas put forth by Plato in the Republic. Plato, in typical fashion, builds his argument that women are as capable as men to be rulers in society. He, through Socrates in the dialogue, first compares the apparent weaknesses of women to men and how women and men each have individual strengths and talents.

This differs from opinion of his time which restricted the schooling and education of women. However, at the end of his dialogue, Plato almost makes a two-thousand year leap into the future and anticipates modern communalism with some rather bizarre ideas about true equality, almost to the exclusion of the individual.

Aside from the obvious strangeness of this idea, it seems to cast the role of women back to that of the traditional child-bearing servants. Plato realizes that carrying equality to this level may be a tough idea to sell.

He speaks of it as something which, although he believes it to be a good idea, is probably impossible to achieve. Oddly enough, Plato seems to have been unable to convince even his own students of his views regarding sexual equality.

Aristotle blatantly says that a woman should be obedient to the will of her husband. He takes a rather harsh view of it even comparing the relationship to that of a master and a slave. Indeed, ancient Greece was not a particularly favorable place for a woman to live in.

The prevailing attitudes of expected subservience and repression were highly ingrained and even championed by some of the great thinkers of the time. Some though like Plato had different views and proposed a more equal status for the other half of their society.

While his ideas may not have been perfect or even practical at the time, they were a definite improvement over the prevailing attitudes.Socrates argues that virtue can not change because of who carries it, (Bar On.

p. 6). A quote attributed to Socrates by Xenophon, wherein Socrates comments on a female juggler entertaining at a party suggests a slightly different view of women.

Platos and socrates view of womens roles

However, even with this progressive view, the differences between the roles assigned to men, and those assigned to women clearly reflect the preconceptions regarding gender roles present in the authors' societies, as well as those of the authors themselves.

Platos views on women essaysPlato and Socrates' View of Women's Roles In studying Greek philosophy, one particular remains consistent. When referring to an ideal person, be it a citizen, a political leader, a philosopher, or a soldier, a man is used for the model.

And the aspiration of. Socrates: When you say, Meno, that there is one virtue of a man, another of a woman, another of a child, and so on, does this apply only to virtue, or would you say the same of health, and size, and strength?

Or is the nature of health always the same, whether in man or woman? Plato: The Role of Women in the Ideal State Republic Book V (excerpt) Socrates: The part of the men has been played out, and now properly enough comes the turn of the women.

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