Financing the increasingly expensive and unsuccessful war with France was a major preoccupation. A similar but graduated tax followed in ,… The uprising was centred in the southeastern counties and East Angliawith minor disturbances in other areas. In June rebels from Essex and Kent marched toward London. On the 13th the Kentish men, under Wat Tyler q.
Peasants and townspeople rose against royal agents in opposition to a poll tax the royal government had levied upon them. While the poll tax was the immediate cause of the rebellion, it was the focal point for a litany of complaints about the economic oppression the landholders and government had forced upon working people since the Black Death.
In the three decades following the Black Death landlords and peasants struggled over customary obligations and duties.
The plague created a labor shortage and an increased availability of land, and many peasants saw an opportunity for economic gain, but the landholders saw the potential for their own economic ruin.
The lords attempted to solve the problem using legal means, establishing laws such as the Statute of Laborerswhich fixed all wages at the levels ofbefore the plague. Peasants who profited from higher wages received fines.
Enforcement proved difficult since manorial lords, lesser gentry, wealthy peasants, and towns all competed for the smaller labor supply, but attempts to enforce the law nevertheless occurred, making lawyers and government officials the objects of resentment while driving rural village leaders and urban labor leaders into alliance.
A collapse in grain prices in the mids intensified the economic tension. To pay off debt from previous adventures, as well as to fund new military activity in France, in the Crown undertook a program of increasingly intense taxation.
Labor laws and landlords attempting to revive their manorial rights never provoked anything beyond local protest and passive resistance, but new taxes introduced in differed remarkably from traditional forms of taxation. The taxes on parishes of and the poll taxes of, and taxed people rather than possessions or land, and they hit hardest in the populous areas of East Anglia.
The tax was three times what it had been in One-third of the people who paid the tax in were missing—nearly half a million taxpayers. Faced with a potential shortfall of one-third of its poll tax revenue, the government ordered the tax assessors back into the field and appointed commissions composed of local landholders and lawyers to investigate instances of evasion and collect delinquent taxes.
On May 30 an angry group of men, insisting that they had already paid their taxes, attacked two tax commissioners at Brentwood. The commissioners fled, and villagers, fearing government retribution, banded together with men from nearby villages.
The protestors sent word to Kent, where another rising had occurred, appealing for support. The peasants directed most of their violence against records rather than landholders, but some died, mostly sheriffs, justices, and tax collectors who represented the Crown and the magistracy.
The rebels vowed to destroy the institution of lordship yet fully supported their year-old king, Richard II —99who nevertheless was wary. His mother; his chancellor, Archbishop Sudbury; his treasurer, Hales; and William Walworth, mayor of London, also retreated to the Tower for protection.
Several leaders emerged, including Wat Tyler and Jack Straw. On Thursday morning, June 13, the mob arrived at the gates of London, and the city admitted them. The exact number of rebels that day is unknown. The royal party soon realized it was trapped. Though safe in the impregnable Tower, they were too few in number to break out.
Their only hope was negotiation.
The king agreed to meet the rebels on June 14 at Mile End. Friday morning Richard and his bodyguard of lords and knights rode out to talk with the mob. The king had to grant pardons and give charters of freedom to the rebels. Furthermore they demanded abolition of serfdom, rent of servile land of 4d.
Finally the rebels made Richard promise to punish traitors. He conceded and the mob dragged Hales and Sudbury from the Tower and executed them summarily. By this point most of the rebels had grown tired and hungry from their long adventure, and many had received what they had wanted.
Charters in hand, they began to disperse homeward. They wanted more from the young king, and Richard agreed to meet them again on Saturday. While the king prayed at Westminster, his nobles and the mayor mustered the London militia.
The next day the rebels stood defiant, bearing a royal standard and a banner of St.
Richard and a small retinue rode out to meet Wat Tyler. He also asked for the annulment of all law except the law of Winchester, which granted responsibility for peacekeeping to local authorities.United states immigration issues essay.
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Peasants Revolt of Essay The Peasants’ revolt of was an attempt to break away from a futile system of government and, a fight to stop the never ending injustice and oppression faced by the lower class on a daily basis.
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The Peasants Revolt, or laterly known as Wat Tyler's Rebellion was one of the biggest uprisings in history which happened in most large areas of England in The most familliar areas of which the uprising started included Kent and Essex, but the actual revolt occured in London.
The Peasants' Revolt, also named Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, Conspiracy theorists, including writer John Robinson, have attempted to explain alleged flaws in mainstream historical accounts of the events of , such as the speed with which the rebellion was coordinated.
Peasants Revolt of Essay; Peasants Revolt of Essay. Words Dec 2nd, 5 Pages. Show More. The Peasants’ revolt of was an attempt to break away from a futile system of government and, a fight to stop the never ending injustice and oppression faced by the lower class on a daily basis.
During their age of oppression .