Sample selected-response questions middot; Part Two:
For example, back, sack, black and track. Onset the part of a syllable or the one-syllable word that comes before the vowel e. Children use their prior knowledge, sense of the story, and pictures to support their predicting and confirming the meaning of the text. Syntactic Cues hints that rely on language structure or rules sometimes called grammatical cues Grammatical information in a text that readers process to construct meaning.
Content clues surrounding words that help you figure out the meaning of unfamiliar words Syllabication the ability to conceptualize and separate words into their basic pronunciation components. To find the number of syllables: Count the number of vowels a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y Subtract any silent vowels vowel, consonant, -e Subtract one vowel from every diphthong.
Never split between digraphs. Usually divide before a single middle consonant. Divide before the consonant before -le syllable. Divide off any compound words, prefixes, suffixes and root which have vowel sounds.
ALL syllables have a vowel compound words Two or more words combined to create a new word. Words that are phonically irregular or are important to learn before students have the skills to decode them are often taught as sight words. Goes up to 3rd grade Reading Fluency ability to decode words quickly and accurately in order to read text with appropriate word stress, pitch, and intonation pattern prosody.
This skill requires automacity of word recognition and reading with prosody to facilitate comprehension. Important in Prereading activities. Use graphic organizers and word webs to introduce and review domain-Specific vocabulary words Teacher discusses these when reading nonfiction in order to develop content clues Visual Clues helps students construct meaning from unfamiliar text Context clues Clues in surrounding text that help the reader determine the meaning of an unknown word.
Picture walk A visual clues strategy. Before reading a picture book, teacher invites students to look at the pictures and try to form an idea about the story. After text is read, discuss the predictions and how they compared to the actual text Cloze exercise A context clues strategy.
An activity in which students replace words that have been deleted from a text. Schema an internal representation of the world. Needs to be activated before learning something new. K-W-L charts are examples.
Field trips and hands-on experiences help to increase prior knowledge. Literal comprehension refers to the understanding of information that is explicitly stated in a written passage.
Words such as now, before, first, following and since are important. The teacher can model this process by filling out a chart on an overhead while reading.
In nonfiction, it is often stated directly in the text. To find the central idea in a story requires higher-level thinking skills Details pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea.
Uses words like who, what, where, whenhow and why to identify main ideas.regardbouddhiste.com is an industry leader in online test preparation offering exam practice tests that help you be as prepared as possible to pass your certification exam.
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