Feminism involves political and sociological theories and philosophies concerned with issues of gender difference, as well as a movement that advocates gender equality for women and campaigns for women's rights and interests.
Telling porkies about gammon If you're thinking ahead to Paper 2 at the end of the week and wondering about potential case studies to use for the language change question or even for debates about language for Section B, gammon might be a good place to look.
It's one of those words that's been around for a while with one main meaning a kind of smoked ham but it's recently developed a newer and more controversial meaning that's been used online and debated in various newspapers by some of the most high profile columnists and sharpest minds of our generation and Brendan O'Neill from the appalling Spiked Online.
It's a neat example of semantic change, polysemy and debates about the potential of language to cause offence. It also ties in quite nicely with the sample paper on 'literally' and attitudes to language change.
So what does this new type of 'gammon' mean?
But it was in that it really took off when it was used to describe a post-Brexit vote phenomenon that many had Feminist language planning essay but few had been able to nail so accurately: You might have seen the "wall of gammon" assembled from the faces of Question Time audience members judged to fit the criteria.
So far so good. On the other hand, if that's you, your dad or your Uncle Barry, it might not go down so well. And doesn't that mean that 'gammon' therefore must be a racial slur?
That was certainly the argument put forward by the DUP MP Emma Little-Pengelly who claimed that 'gammon' was a term 'based on skin colour and age' and therefore a slur that should not be used.
You can read more about it here and about the subsequent debate over the term. Use of the term has spiked in the last few weeks. And while the original meaning of gammon seems to have been on the decline since its peak in around as the Google n-gram below shows, its more recent meaning has spread far and wide.
The number of searches for 'gammon' as an insult or 'gammon' as slang can be tracked through Google Trends and they show a spike in Probably, if these charts are anything to go by. And that's an interesting case study in itself, because tracing the spread of a new slang term, or an old word that's been given a new meaning, is a fascinating way of looking at what language is and how it works.
But what about the wider debate about gammon as an insult? Is it - as several have claimed - a racist slur? Is it sharp intake of breath as bad as the n-word? This tweeter thinks not and I'd tend to agree with him. But that's Twitter and people are often very rude on Twitter. I try to stay off it these days and fail most of the time.
What about other commentators? And what about the wider language debate about what constitutes a slur? One accusation is that gammon has been used by left-wingers to attack their political opponents when reasoned argument fails. It sits alongside centrist dad and melt as terms that left-wingers use to abuse those to their right and perhaps equates with the kind of jibes that right-wingers have been chucking at the left for even longer: Matt Zarb-Cousin is one such left-winger and he argues in Huck magazine that it can't be racist as it's directed at a group of people who choose to behave in a certain way.
On the other hand, Lucy Fisher in The Times argues a different line: Whether or not the trope is a statement about race, it is obviously a statement about culture and class.
Gammons are backward, provincial embarrassments. They may be unskilled workers or small business owners or wealthy aristocrats. No debate about politics would be complete without Owen Jones of The Guardian getting a word in.
Gammon is a racist slur, we are told.
Let me put this gently: White people mocking other white people over their skin colour is not racism. Inherent in the term is how a certain type of golf-club bore can go somewhere between a shade of pink and crimson red as they froth about gays having more rights than them these days, and only Jacob Rees-Mogg can be trusted to deal with the remoaners and leftie terrorist supporters.
It is a term about political views and how they are expressed.Gender is a process and not a permanent state, implying that gender is being produced and reproduced, whereas inequality refers to the unequal rewards or opportunities for different individuals or groups within a society (Wharton, ).
This essay will define how the feminist perspective has influenced the sociological study of gender inequality. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (December ). In language planning terms, successful feminist linguistic reform entails evidence that the feminist alternatives move from a status of ‘discouraged’ or even ‘disapproved’ use to that of ‘tolerated’, and eventually ‘preferred’ or ‘promoted’ use (Kloss ).
Feminist language planning is an active engagement with the ways in which language represents and reproduces gender. It is not specifically concerned with the ways in which language presents women, although this is a major focus, but rather how language positions both males and females and how it.
Feminist Language Planning Essay Feminist Language Planning: Has it been worthwhile? Anne Pauwels University of Wollongong 1 Feminism and language There is no doubt that feminism has been and continues to be one of . Gender studies, feminist studies and sociolinguistic studies all currently lack consensus as to reasons for variance in women’s and men’s language and therefore further research is needed.