A brief history of jazz

Arts and social charity based in Chipping Norton. This fabulous building began life as a Salvation Army Citadel, with the first stones, now visible in our auditorium, being laid in In strange quirk of fate, its designers and engineers were those behind many Victorian Music Halls, leaving it perfectly proportioned for its future theatrical life.

A brief history of jazz

Guggenheim Museum, New York The origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented. It is believed to be related to jasm, a slang term dating back to meaning "pep, energy".

It wasn't called that. It was spelled 'J-A-S-S'. That was dirty, and if you knew what it was, you wouldn't say it in front of ladies. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, such as European music history or African music. But critic Joachim-Ernst Berendt argues that its terms of reference and its definition should be broader, [12] defining jazz as a "form of art music which originated in the United States through the confrontation of the Negro with European music" [13] and arguing that it differs from European music in that jazz has a "special relationship to time defined as 'swing'".

Jazz involves "a spontaneity and vitality of musical production in which improvisation plays a role" and contains a "sonority and manner of phrasing which mirror the individuality of the performing jazz musician".

Duke Ellingtonone of jazz's most famous figures, said, "It's all music. Jazz improvisation Although jazz is considered difficult to define, in part because it contains many subgenres, improvisation is one of its key elements.

The centrality of improvisation is attributed to the influence of earlier forms of music such as bluesa form of folk music which arose in part from the work songs and field hollers of African-American slaves on plantations.

These work songs were commonly structured around a repetitive call-and-response pattern, but early blues was also improvisational.

Classical music performance is evaluated more by its fidelity to the musical scorewith less attention given to interpretation, ornamentation, and accompaniment.

The classical performer's goal is to play the composition as it was written. In contrast, jazz is often characterized by the product of interaction and collaboration, placing less value on the contribution of the composer, if there is one, and more on the performer.

A brief history of jazz

Depending on the performer's mood, experience, and interaction with band members or audience members, the performer may change melodies, harmonies, and time signatures.

New Orleans jazz, performers took turns playing melodies and improvising countermelodies. In the swing era of the sā€”'40s, big bands relied more on arrangements which were written or learned by ear and memorized. Soloists improvised within these arrangements.

In the bebop era of the s, big bands gave way to small groups and minimal arrangements in which the melody was stated briefly at the beginning and most of the song was improvised. Modal jazz abandoned chord progressions to allow musicians to improvise even more.

In many forms of jazz, a soloist is supported by a rhythm section of one or more chordal instruments piano, guitardouble bass, and drums. The rhythm section plays chords and rhythms that outline the song structure and complement the soloist. Tradition and race[ edit ] Since the emergence of bebop, forms of jazz that are commercially oriented or influenced by popular music have been criticized.

According to Bruce Johnson, there has always been a "tension between jazz as a commercial music and an art form". An alternative view is that jazz can absorb and transform diverse musical styles. For others, jazz is a reminder of "an oppressive and racist society and restrictions on their artistic visions".

Papa Jack Lainewho ran the Reliance band in New Orleans in the s, was called "the father of white jazz". Others from Chicago such as Benny Goodman and Gene Krupa became leading members of swing during the s.

These musicians helped change attitudes toward race in the U. Women began playing instruments in jazz in the early s, drawing particular recognition on piano.

Women were members of the big bands of Woody Herman and Gerald Wilson. From the s onwards many women jazz instrumentalists became prominent, some sustaining lengthy careers. Over the decades, some of the most distinctive improvisers, composers and bandleaders in jazz have been women.

Kemble from a century later In the late 18th-century painting The Old PlantationAfrican-Americans dance to banjo and percussion. By the 18th century, slaves gathered socially at a special market, in an area which later became known as Congo Square, famous for its African dances.

Robert Palmer said of percussive slave music: Usually such music was associated with annual festivals, when the year's crop was harvested and several days were set aside for celebration.

As late asa traveler in North Carolina saw dancers dressed in costumes that included horned headdresses and cow tails and heard music provided by a sheepskin-covered "gumbo box", apparently a frame drum; triangles and jawbones furnished the auxiliary percussion. There are quite a few [accounts] from the southeastern states and Louisiana dating from the period ā€” Some of the earliest [Mississippi] Delta settlers came from the vicinity of New Orleans, where drumming was never actively discouraged for very long and homemade drums were used to accompany public dancing until the outbreak of the Civil War.Back to Handbook.

A Brief History of the Guitar. by Paul Guy. The guitar is an ancient and noble instrument, whose history can be traced back over years. Latin America has produced a variety of genres born at the crossroads of European folk music, African music and native traditions.

While not as popular as the popular music of the USA (also born out of the integration of European music and African music), Latin American genres shares the same characters that made it a universal koine'. For most of its history, Afro-Cuban jazz had been a matter of superimposing jazz phrasing over Cuban rhythms.

But by the end of the s, a new generation of New York City musicians had emerged who were fluent in both salsa dance music and jazz, leading to a new level of integration of jazz and Cuban rhythms.

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regardbouddhiste.com: The premier site for the history and analysis of the standards jazz musicians play the most. This is a list of jazz musicians by instrument based on existing articles on Wikipedia. Do not enter names that lack articles. Do not enter names that lack sources.

What is a brass instrument? Before getting into the history of how brass instruments and brass music originated and developed it is necessary to be clear on what a brass instrument actually is.

A Brief History of Brass Instruments ā€“ Wilktone